Landscape Design is an art form and a career, practiced by many landscape designers, combining traditional culture and nature. In modern context, landscape designing incorporates garden architecture with landscape design. These two fields are interrelated but are not exactly one and the same. They are often used interchangeably or as separate disciplines.
The beauty of the landscape in the form of landscape gardens is the beauty of the landscape in itself; an art form, and therefore an art form that may be carried on for years, as an ongoing hobby. This is what makes it unique. Landscaping has become so popular that a large number of people who live in urban areas are involved.
A good designer will have a degree in landscaping or an art-related subject, or perhaps a hobby such as gardening. The key to a good landscape designer is an understanding of both nature and the human eye.
A landscape designer needs to understand that nature has a language of its own, not a language of human beings. Landscape designers should be able to read nature, its patterns, colours, textures, forms and so forth, and use this knowledge to create a design that blends with the surroundings, yet not overshadow it.
One of the most important factors in landscape design is the way in which plants grow, move, thrive and die. It is important to have a good knowledge of how plants grow best, including their growing period, the type of soil that they require, and so on. A good landscape designer can help determine what kind of plant species would best complement a particular area, and which plants can take care of specific requirements.
A landscape designer also needs to have an understanding of climate and seasonal changes. For example, during summer the colours of the plants will be more vivid, and the growth of the plants will be quicker. During winter the colour of the plants will be much cooler and their growth slower, allowing the plants to survive without being destroyed.
Another factor that should be taken into consideration when considering a design for a garden is the time of year. Many plants do better at certain times of the year than others, especially flowers and trees.
Landscape designing also involves the use of stones and other features, such as retaining walls, to build a natural feature. Landscape designs have to compliment the existing natural setting, so the right combination of plants, stones and water can be used.
Most people will not be happy if their garden is entirely dominated by natural objects, so they should incorporate plants and other natural features to give it some beauty. There are several options available to make a garden more interesting, such as statues, fountains and ferns, which create a sense of depth. or interest.
Other stone structures are useful in creating a feeling of depth. For instance, stone columns can create a dramatic focal point, or are used to create a focal point within a garden. Stones can also be used to add texture and dimension.
When there are plants in your garden, plant them in the same style and height as the stone structure, so the stones cannot be seen from one side. A fountain is very easy to decorate and add features and appeal to your garden, such as birdbaths and waterfalls.
Different plants will require different amounts of space and light. If there is shade in your garden, plants need to be planted further apart. If you have too many plants close together, then it will look crowded and look unbalanced.
A good landscape designer will be able to guide you through the basics of design and planning, as well as providing information on how to plant, fertilise, and care for your plants. Your chosen plants will need the right amount of water, so they do not wilt, decay or die. Plants are also required to thrive, to provide the basic nutrients that they need to grow.